Tooth extraction is the removal of a tooth from its socket in the bone. Teeth that are broken or damaged by decay can be fixed with a filling, crown, or other dental treatment. Sometimes, though, the damage is too severe to repair, so the dentist will recommend extraction
Dentists and oral surgeons remove teeth for various reasons. Some examples include:
Trauma or injury to the tooth or surrounding bone. Then such extraction is a dental emergency.
Wisdom teeth complications
Preparation for a dental prosthesis
Preparation for dental braces, if the teeth are very crowded
Baby teeth not falling out at the proper age
Dental surgeons may classify extractions as simple or surgical. A simple extraction involves a tooth that is visible above the gums and that a dentist can remove in one piece.
A surgical extraction is more complicated and involves the removal of gum tissue, bone, or both. The surgeon may need to remove the tooth in pieces.
Wisdom teeth are the last to erupt and usually the first to require extraction because in many people, they are impacted. This means that they have not fully emerged from the gums.
Wisdom teeth extraction is a common procedure in oral surgery.